The Mahathir Science Award Foundation (MSAF) was established on 11 June 2010. Its mission is to champion tropical sciences, according benefits to countries in the tropics and the world at large through the award and the Foundation's activities.
• To bestow the Mahathir Science Award on scientists, institutions or organisations worldwide in recognition of contributions and innovations towards solving problems of the tropics through science and technology in the fields of Tropical Agriculture, Tropical Architecture and Engineering, Tropical Medicine and Tropical Natural Resources
• To uplift the stature of the Mahathir Science Award to be a prominent international science award, and to oversee the selection process for such an award
• To encourage and support excellence in tropical science research that will accord direct benefits to countries in the tropics and the global community
• To contribute towards and organise impactful tropical science initiatives that will improve the quality of life in the tropics