Why are the Tropics important
Poverty is rampant in the Tropics
- 3 billion people (42% of the world’s population) live in the Tropics
- By 2050, two thirds of the world’s children (67%) will live in the Tropics
- 25 % of the world’s population rely on the Tropical rainforests to generate food and income
- The Tropics covers 40% of the world’s agricultural area
Countries in the Tropics are most affected by climate change
1 billion people are infected annually by Neglected Tropical Diseases
- 80% of the world’s biodiversity are in the Tropics
- The fishing yield of marine species in Tropical countries could decrease by 40%
- Tropical rainforest provide natural resources which makes up the ingredients for more than 60% of anti-cancer drugs
- Climate change will induce the escalation of tropical diseases
Source: State of the Tropics Report, 2017
The ecological footprint of most tropical countries are within the Earth’s biocapacity limits while the Human Development Index is low.
A strategic balance has to be achieved.